The World's Top Five Pistachio Exporting Countries and the Pursuit of Quality

Last Update: 18 July 2024

Welcome to Tari Trading, your trusted source for premium nuts and dried fruits. In today’s article, we’re going to take you on a journey to discover the world’s top five pistachio exporting countries, with a focus on the pursuit of quality. At Tari Trading, we pride ourselves on providing the highest quality Iranian pistachios to our discerning customers. Stay tuned for our next article, where we’ll delve into the fascinating differences between Iranian and American pistachios. If you’re an importer or a nut enthusiast, this is an article you won’t want to miss.

Table of Contents

Iran: The Pistachio Paradise:

When it comes to pistachios, Iran stands out as a true paradise for pistachio lovers and exporters alike. Iran leads the world in pistachio production and export, consistently delivering high-quality nuts to global markets. The Iranian pistachio industry benefits from the country’s unique climate and expertise, resulting in plump, flavorful pistachios that are a favorite among consumers worldwide.

Iran is one of the biggest exporters of pistachios in the world

Iranian pistachio production statistics

And now let’s take a look at the statistics of 9 years of pistachio production in Iran.
Iran has always been one of the top producers of pistachios, and from 2013 to 2017, it was at the top of the table and shows its quality. Although there has been a drop in production since 2018 due to various reasons, it has always maintained its quality and has its own fans all over the world.

Statistic: Production of pistachios (in-shell) in Iran from 2012 to 2021 (in thousand metric tons) | Statista
Statistics given from Statista

United States: A Strong Contender:

The United States is another major player in the pistachio export industry. California, in particular, has become synonymous with quality American pistachios. With their own distinct flavor profile and meticulous farming practices, American pistachios hold their own in international markets.


US Pistachio production Volume Table


Production (Thousand Metric Tons)






















Based on the provided graph depicting the United States’ pistachio production from the 2012/13 season through the 2021/22 season, we can observe significant fluctuations and overall growth in the production levels. Here’s a detailed analysis of the production trends over these years:

united states Pistachio Production

  1. 2012/13 Season:

    • Production: 249.93 thousand metric tons
  2. 2013/14 Season:

    • Production: 213.19 thousand metric tons
    • Note: A slight decrease in production compared to the previous year.
  3. 2014/15 Season:

    • Production: 246.33 thousand metric tons
    • Note: Production levels bounced back to almost the 2012/13 levels.
  4. 2015/16 Season:

    • Production: 134.59 thousand metric tons
    • Note: A significant drop in production, the lowest in the given period.
  5. 2016/17 Season:

    • Production: 446.3 thousand metric tons
    • Note: A remarkable increase, nearly tripling the production from the previous year.
  6. 2017/18 Season:

    • Production: 226.92 thousand metric tons
    • Note: Production decreased again but remained higher than the 2015/16 levels.
  7. 2018/19 Season:

    • Production: 447.7 thousand metric tons
    • Note: Reached the highest production level for this period, slightly surpassing the 2016/17 season.
  8. 2019/20 Season:

    • Production: 336.12 thousand metric tons
    • Note: Production decreased from the previous peak but remained significantly high.
  9. 2020/21 Season:

    • Production: 474 thousand metric tons
    • Note: A significant increase, setting a new record high.
  10. 2021/22 Season:

    • Production: 523.9 thousand metric tons
    • Note: Continued growth, reaching the highest level in the entire period under review.


From 2012/13 to 2021/22, US pistachio production has shown significant volatility, with sharp declines in certain years followed by dramatic increases. Despite these fluctuations, the overall trend points towards substantial growth, with production more than doubling from 2012/13 to 2021/22. The significant increases in the 2016/17, 2018/19, 2020/21, and 2021/22 seasons highlight the industry’s resilience and capacity for recovery and expansion.

United state pistachio production from 2012 to 2021 statistics

Turkey: Bridging East and West:

Turkey’s pistachio industry has been gaining prominence in recent years. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Turkish pistachios offer a unique blend of flavors, making them a sought-after commodity in various markets. The country’s commitment to quality and sustainable farming practices has contributed to its success as an exporter.

turkey-also-one-of-largest-producer-and-Exporter-of -pistachios

A Decade of Growth: Turkey’s Annual Pistachio Production Statistics from 2012 to 2023

Turkey is renowned for its rich agricultural heritage, with pistachio cultivation playing a significant role in its agribusiness sector. Over the past decade, from 2012 to 2023, Turkey’s pistachio production has seen significant fluctuations influenced by various factors such as climatic conditions, technological advancements, and market demands. This article provides a detailed overview and analysis of Turkey’s annual pistachio production statistics over this period, highlighting key trends and insights.

Annual Pistachio Production Statistics (2012-2023)

Turkey’s pistachio production statistics from 2012 to 2023 reflect a dynamic agricultural landscape. The data below illustrates the annual production (in metric tons) over this period:

The annual production volume of Turkish pistachios


Production (Thousand Metric Tons)

























Syria: A Rich History of Pistachios:

Syria boasts a rich history of pistachio cultivation dating back centuries. Despite the challenges posed by regional conflicts, Syrian pistachio farmers continue to produce exceptional nuts that find their way into international markets. The nut’s distinct flavor and quality remain a testament to their enduring dedication.

Syria-one-of -the - producers of pistachios

Greece: Mediterranean Excellence:

Greece, situated in the heart of the Mediterranean, is known for its high-quality pistachios. The combination of fertile soil, a Mediterranean climate, and traditional cultivation methods results in pistachios with a unique and delightful taste. Greek pistachios have found favor with consumers looking for a taste of the Mediterranean.

greece is the one of the lagest exporter of pistachio

The Pursuit of Quality:

In the world of pistachio exports, quality is paramount. At Tari Trading, we understand the importance of providing our customers with the finest pistachios available. That’s why we take pride in offering Iranian pistachios, which are renowned for their unmatched quality and flavor. Our commitment to excellence ensures that you receive pistachios that meet the highest industry standards.

Stay Tuned for the Next Article:

In our next article, we will explore the intriguing differences between Iranian and American pistachios. This will provide valuable insights for importers and nut enthusiasts who are keen to understand the distinctions between these two pistachio giants.

When it comes to pistachio exports, these five countries lead the way in supplying top-quality nuts to markets around the globe. At Tari Trading, we’re dedicated to bringing you the best that the pistachio world has to offer. Whether you’re an importer seeking premium pistachios or simply a connoisseur of fine nuts, we invite you to experience the exceptional taste and quality of Iranian pistachios.

Don’t miss our next article, where we’ll dive deep into the fascinating world of Iranian and American pistachios, helping you make informed choices for your pistachio needs. Stay tuned for more nutty insights from Tari Trading!

The export volume of 5 of the largest pistachio exporting countries in 2022/2023

pistachio Exporting by country



Export Volume (Tons)


United States












European Union


Analysis of Turkey Pistachio Production Trends

  1. Fluctuations in Production Levels:

    • The data shows significant fluctuations in pistachio production, with notable peaks and troughs. The highest production was recorded in 2023 with 260,000 metric tons, while the lowest was in 2022 with 75,000 metric tons. These fluctuations can be attributed to several factors, including weather conditions, alternate bearing cycles of pistachio trees, and varying levels of pest infestations.
  2. Influence of Climatic Conditions:

    • Weather plays a critical role in pistachio production. Years with favorable climatic conditions, such as adequate rainfall and mild temperatures, have resulted in higher yields. Conversely, extreme weather events, such as droughts or frost, have adversely affected production. For example, the low production in 2014 and 2018 can be linked to unfavorable weather conditions.
  3. Technological and Agronomic Advances:

    • Advances in agricultural technology and practices have contributed to increased yields in certain years. The adoption of improved irrigation techniques, pest control measures, and better farming practices has helped mitigate some of the adverse effects of climatic variability. This is evident in the gradual increase in production from 2019 onwards.
  4. Market Demand and Economic Factors:

    • Global market demand and economic factors have also influenced production levels. High demand for Turkish pistachios in international markets has incentivized farmers to increase production. Additionally, government support and subsidies for pistachio growers have played a role in stabilizing and boosting production.
  5. Alternate Bearing Phenomenon:

    • Pistachio trees exhibit an alternate bearing cycle, producing a heavy crop one year followed by a lighter crop the next. This natural phenomenon contributes to the observed fluctuations in annual production. The significant variations between consecutive years, such as between 2013 and 2014 or 2022 and 2023, can be partly attributed to this cycle.


Turkey’s pistachio production from 2012 to 2023 demonstrates a complex interplay of climatic, technological, and economic factors. Despite the inherent fluctuations, the overall trend indicates a capacity for resilience and growth. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for stakeholders in the pistachio industry, from farmers and exporters to policymakers, as they navigate the challenges and opportunities in this vital sector.


Q: Which country has the best pistachios in the world?

A: Determining the “best” pistachios can vary depending on personal preference and intended use. However, several factors contribute to the quality of pistachios, including taste, size, texture, and freshness. Each of the mentioned countries—Iran, America, Turkey, Syria, and Greece—has its unique characteristics in producing pistachios.

Q: What country produces the most pistachios?

A: Currently, Iran holds the title of the world’s largest pistachio producer. However, other countries such as the United States, Turkey, and Syria also contribute significantly to global pistachio production.

Q: Which country is the biggest pistachio exporter?

A: Iran is not only the leading producer but also the largest exporter of pistachios worldwide. Its pistachios are renowned for their unique flavor and quality.

Q: Which country has the best pistachios to eat?

A: Taste preferences vary from person to person, and each country’s pistachios offer distinct flavors. Iranian pistachios are often praised for their rich, buttery taste and vibrant green color. American pistachios are known for their large size and slightly sweet flavor. Turkish pistachios are favored for their robust and earthy taste. Syrian pistachios are appreciated for their crunchiness and intense flavor. Greek pistachios are esteemed for their small size and intense flavor.

Q: Which countries produce pistachio nuts?

A: The primary pistachio-producing countries include Iran, the United States, Turkey, Syria, and Greece. Each country’s pistachios have their unique characteristics, making them sought after in different markets worldwide.

We hope this FAQ helps you make an informed decision when selecting pistachios for your business. If you have any further questions or need assistance, please don’t hesitate to contact us. At Tari Trading Company, we’re committed to providing the highest quality pistachios to our valued customers.

Thank you for choosing Tari Trading, where heritage meets quality.

2 Responses

  1. Its awesome article regarding pistachio producers and exporters, I got good information from reading this post.

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